Well, we couldn't be more excited here at St. Brigid's Meadows for our Packer crew! In honor of the great game coming next weekend, I've come up with some fun recipes for you if you are planning on hosting a party. Actually, they're pretty good even if it's just you and the kids on Super Bowl Sunday (like us) or for any day you feel like indulging in fun finger food.
Game Day Burgers
Makes about 8 quarter pounders or about 12 "Sliders"
2 lbs ground St. Brigid's Meadows’ [SBM’s] grass-fed beef
1 tbsp course ground rock salt
1/2 tbsp garlic powder
1/2 tbsp onion powder
1 tsp medium ground black pepper
2 tbsp Worcestershire sauce
1 SBM’s free-range egg
Mix all ingredients together with your hands. Below are three variations for the burgers:
In a pan:
Heat pan at medium heat. Add two tbsp butter, pat patties about 1/2 inch thick and 4 inches wide. Liberally salt both sides and lay in pan. If the butter starts to brown, turn the heat down a bit. Flip after 2 minutes (or brown) and cook for another 2 to 3 minutes. Serve immediately for medium rare or let sit in pan covered for 5 minutes for a juicy medium well.
Lightly salt a third time and add to toasted bun with bacon, mayo, ketchup, mustard, lettuce, tomato and thin sliced onion.
On a grill:
Turn grill to high or prepare a "hot zone" charcoal setup, rub a thin layer canola oil on prepared patties and put on hottest part of grill. Cook for two minutes both sides and transfer to cooler part of grill for additional two minutes for a juicy medium. Lightly salt a third time before placing on grill toasted bun with your favorite fixings.
Place two pieces of plastic wrap longways and overlapping 1 inch on the long side. Spread hamburger mixture onto wrap and lightly oil hands and press the mixture down being careful to keep the meat together. Lightly oil a rolling pin and roll the mixture out to 1/4 inch.
Put a thin layer of any or all of the following:
- shredded cheese
- grilled onions
- thin sliced, sautéed mushrooms
lightly cooked bacon
Fold one side onto the other and softly roll out so the mixture is even. Cut with a pizza cutter to 3 to 4 inch squares and place in a buttered pan on medium heat. When all burgers are finished cooking take small buns ("silver dollar", dinner rolls) sliced and place face down in the hot butter and healthy grass-fed grease. Top with burger and slather with a fattening decadent condiment and cooked bacon.
We trounced 'em, we can honor their food!
1 pack SBM’s All-Beef Franks
Fresh, brat buns
1 large yellow onion
1 each red, yellow and green pepper
1/2 tbsp medium ground salt
1 tsp medium ground pepper blend
2 roma-type tomatoes
2 bottles strong flavored German beer (such as Beck's)
Simmer franks on low in beer for about 45 minutes. While simmering, slice and sauté onions and peppers with salt and pepper, keep warm and set aside.
If grilling, sear franks for about 2 minutes and place in toasted brat buns with a smear of mayo. Top with onions, peppers and freshly sliced tomatoes. Add stone ground mustard (optional).
Quick'n'Easy Meat Bombs
1 pack SBM’s All-Beef Franks
Approximately a 1/2 lb organic Smoked SBMs Bacon
Set oven to 350. Slice franks into 1 inch pieces and bacon into roughly 2 inches pieces. Wrap bacon around frank and skewer with a tooth pick.
Other interesting things you can shove in there:
- jalapeño slices
- onion slice
- chicken liver (trust me, it's tasty)
- thin apple slice
- more meat. Just because.
Place mini-meats on a pan and roast for about 15 minutes or until bacon is slightly brown and the edges curling. Drown in barbecue or wing sauce, or lightly dust with kosher salt.
Mini Pigskin Balls (laces out!!)
1 lb SBM’s Grass-fed Beef
1 cup finely diced yellow onion
1 cup sautéed mushrooms (drained of their cooking juices)
1 tbsp salt
1/2 lb SBM’s Organic Smoked Bacon, minced fine
1 SBM’s Free-Range Egg
1 tsp Thyme
Preheat oven to 400 degrees and mix all ingredients by hand until fully incorporated. Roll into small ovals (roll into balls then rub them in your hands long ways briefly to elongate them to look like footballs) and place on a pan. Cook for about ten minutes or until the meat is just brown. Serve immediately as is or with a sauce.
Sautéing is one of the most primary tools in a chef's arsenal. For that reason there are many misconceptions about what it is and what it is not.
It is: A way to heat food to a point where it begins to excrete juices and thus heat and caramelize the sugars.
It is not: A way to "seal in the juices" on a steak or roast. It does quite the opposite; as the food cooks, flesh breaks and cracks and actually allows the meat to release more liquid.
It is: A technique that, when used in tandem with other methods can produce exquisitely rich foods.
It is not: Simply relegated to chicken breasts, hamburgers and onions.
Building on our lesson "On Cooking", sautéing makes principle use of heat and moisture control.
High Heat - Searing
Searing is used when you want to brown the outside of something. The "brown" is actually fond. These are the juices of the item that are being released quickly from the food. With the juices are all sorts of compounds like fats and sugars and vitamins. These become super concentrated in the high heat of the pan and bind themselves to the item being cooked. In addition, the food itself is cooking rapidly which produces some really delicious flavors and does some great things texturally.
*sidenote* I'm sure you've heard this but it really is genuinely dangerous to cook on Teflon cookware. Virtually all of the world has outlawed Teflon and the U.S. will follow suit by 2015. Teflon has been proven to cause cancer.
In order to properly sear you need to use an oil that can take a pretty high heat (this is not EV Olive Oil, this should only be used for low heat cooking. Rule of thumb, if your EVOO is producing smoke, it's giving you cancer) like canola or (ideally) organic coconut oil. With your pan on high, add your oil (enough just to coat the bottom of the pan) and give it a few seconds to come up "to temp". Salt whatever you are about to sauté liberally. The salt will help draw out more liquid ("lysing") and thus more flavor.
Depending on what you are cooking it is vital that you do NOT move it too much. You are simply trying to produce that outer crust. If the pan is not hot enough or you are constantly flipping it over and over, you will not maintain the high heat that is necessary for searing.
If you are searing a steak or a roast, it should stay untouched for about 2 minutes per side (if it is a big roast like a rolled rump or sirloin tip, think of it like a cube being sure to take the time to sear every side). You will know that it is done when it releases easily from the pan (the food will form a bond with the pan and once a certain temperature is achieved, the bond breaks. Try and pull the food before then and half your steak will stay firmly stuck to the pan).
If you are searing veggies, lay out a thin layer of whatever you are cooking. It is important that as much of them touch the pan as possible. If any are sitting atop one another then they are steaming and that is a different process (covered later). Scrape the pan with a wooden spatula until the veggies are a uniformed brown.
What to do with it...
At this point you have several options. Your steak is ready to eat or broil, your roast is ready to be braised in the oven (don't forget to deglaze and loosen up all those tasty bits at the bottom) and your asparagus is ready to plate. Sautéing is a great way to offer up some very hearty flavors into dishes that seem to lack depth. Adding sautéd onions to just about anything with up the savory factor by like a billion (give or take).
Low Heat - Sweating
Sweating is used for a few different reasons. Principally for caramelizing (onions) but also for softening or producing pan juices. Regardless of the reason for sweating, the focus is controlling the moisture. You want to release as much of it as possible and in the case of caramelization you then reduce that liquid to break down and gently brown the sugars (caramel).
When cooking with a low heat a chefs options for oil increase. Now you get to use the really tasty stuff: butter, EVOO and a few unrefined (read, "flavorful") oils. Also, it is important to salt liberally. You want to pull out as much moisture as possible and the salt will help with that.
The trick to sweating is really just to let the food rest in a slow quiet sizzle. You want to avoid browning and promote caramelizing. This can take in upwards of 20 minutes depending on how full the pan is. During this process it is ok to "crowd the pan". The heat from the bottom will help steam and soften the stuff near the top so when you stir it, the juices get released and worked into the dish.
What to do with it...
At this point those dark brown gooey caramelized onions are ready for that burger you just seared, the carrots can be drizzled with maple syrup for a sinful side and the cauliflower can be blended for starch-free mashed "potatoes".
Sautéing is a real joy to master. Learning the unique flavors that are produced depending on the thing being cooked and the temperature of the cooking is both exciting and rewarding. Soon you'll be searing and sweating and sautéing all sorts of shnazzy things all in one pan to the joy and jealousy of all your friends.
And remember: Love to cook - cook to love.
I'm not even kidding.
When I was younger I was oblivious to the fact that many meals came out of a box (my mom doesn't read this so don't tell her I said that). One of my most favorite things was Bisquick Pancakes. Mom made them fluffy, Dad cooked 'em in bacon grease (love that man).
When I got out of college and was on my own I was determined to learn how to make great pancakes from scratch. My first attempt was a limp flat floppy thing that was uninspiring to say the least. To make matters worse, every attempt with a different recipe after that ended the same way, ho-hum...
Then I tried buttermilk pancakes. Hot diggity dog, now we were getting somewhere. They fluffed up more and certainly had that wonderful tangy flavor but I was convinced I could do better.
Buttermilk recipes fluff up more because of the inclusion of baking soda or cream of tartar. This reacts with the natural acids in the buttermilk and creates enormous amounts of edible Scrubbing Bubbles (think, the vinegar and baking soda trick). These little bubbles push the batter higher and higher allowing the flour to set and form a strong matrix of delicious maple syrup soaking goodness (I mean let's be honest, this is the reason we all eat pancakes).
Through the course of my culinary adventures, I stumbled across a substance that not only had more acid but was much better for you then store bought buttermilk.
I give you...
Real Milk Pancakes
serves 4 to 6
Preheat your griddle to medium/high heat (approximately 350 degrees)
Whisk together in a large bowl:
1 1/2 cups all-purpose flour
3 tablespoons sugar
1 1/2 tablespoons baking powder
1/2 teaspoon baking soda
1/2 teaspoon salt
Whisk together in another bowl:
1 1/2 cups soured fresh milk (fresh milk can be found in many states and on a limited basis in Wisconsin. It is soured by setting out on the table for 3 days until it "splits" and the curds and whey begin to separate. This splitting happens because the acid level increases which is the same process for making cheese and is the reason that soured fresh milk works so well).
Also, do NOT let store bought milk sit out and then consume. Pasteurized milk will not "sour", it will spoil.
[Shake the soured, split milk in the container to reconstitute it. This can sit on your counter for up to two weeks to be used in baking. Discard immediately if any mold is present, this means that the reaction has stopped and the milk should not be consumed].
3 tablespoons unsalted butter, melted
2 large eggs
1/2 teaspoon vanilla
Pour the wet ingredients over the dry and slowly mix with a wooden spatula. You want it to be wet through out but not smooth. A batter with pea sized lumps is perfect.
If you like a crusty "johnny cake" style pancake, drop a tablespoon bacon grease or butter onto the skillet now.
Using a large spoon, drop large globs of batter onto the surface of the pan. You want to leave several inches between the pancakes as they will spread.
After about 2 minutes, the batter will begin bubbling. When the bubbles are slowly popping (as opposed to just rising) the cakes are ready to flip. Using a spatula that covers the entire bottom of the pancake, give'er a flip. If the pancake spews gooey batter everywhere, she wasn't ready. You want a firm moist cake that doesn't splat.
Cook for another minute or so and viola! The best pancakes this side of the Chatahoochie.
If you are making a larger batch, preheat your oven to 200 degrees and put a pan in. You can drop your finished pancakes (and any tasty grassfed meats you've also made) in there while the rest of the cakes finish cooking.
Serve with an offensive amount of butter and real maple syrup.
Die and go to heaven.
This item could be one that will be difficult to write; I do, however think that it is the most important. I could spend a lot of time detailing interesting recipes and helping you learn complicated techniques but it would all be a waste without a framework to put it in.
I am often chastised because I make something seem so easy to do and when someone with not as much experience tries, it doesn't come out perfect. Is this because I am such a better cook? Is it because I've tried and failed more times? I don't think so. I think it really comes down to understanding a few tenets about how food operates and therefor have a greater chance for success.
Cooking is really only about controlling two things, Temperature and Moisture.
Say you have a red hot burner and you put your hand on it. The heat that is contained in the burner is transferred into your hand and you feel hot. Conversely, if you grab a cold glass of water, the heat from your hand quickly travels into the glass and you feel cold.
Make sense? Heat works like osmosis, it travels from a place of concentration (a hot thing) to somewhere with less (a cold thing).
Seems rudimentary but here's where it get's interesting. When heat moves, it follows the exact pattern every time. It's like this. You have a full glass of water (this represents heat). You take it and pour a quarter of it into an empty glass (this represents a cold place, more aptly though a place with less heat). The water from the full glass is diminished by entering into the empty one. This is just like heat. When it travels from a place of concentration, the source then contains less heat.
Here is why this is so important to cooks.
If you are going to pan fry a steak and you drop it into a hot pan, it is going to brown but when you try and flip it and put it back in the same place it takes longer to brown. This is because much of the heat from the pan has entered the steak and it takes longer for the pan to heat back up.
A more simpler example might be making hard boiled eggs. When you drop them in the boiling water, the water cools and temporarily stops boiling because of the temperature of the eggs.
Understanding how heat works is one of the most important elements of cooking. It takes time and observation to learn it's quirks. However once you do you will be able to predict results and troubleshoot problems. Things like: "How much food can you add to a pan at one time?" or "Is this skillet too hot for these onions and will they char instead of sauté" or "Is the volume of my sauce too much for this pot and the bottom is burning while the top is lukewarm?"
Pondering these things while you cook will help you to get a more realistic understanding about this physical property. For more info on it, research the principle "the conservation of heat."
The other fundamental of cooking is learning how to control the flow of moisture in a dish. It works hand in hand with the property of the conservation of heat because temperature change immediately effects liquids. All things contain various amounts of water; from steaks to greens to mushrooms to pomegranates. It is how you control that moisture which will dictate your culinary success.
Water can be a very difficult element to control. It can have very positive or very negative effects on what you are preparing. For instance, if you are trying to cook a perfect over-easy egg you would want to drop a tablespoon of water in the pan and cover it to lightly cook the top. However, if you added a cup, the water would draw all of the heat from the pan and your eggs would be a mess. Or, if you add too much liquid when you are braising (and the meat releases it's own juices) you might boil the meat instead of braise it (shoe leather anyone?).
Observing how moisture affects cooking is not easy but in reality that and heat work together. Watching how they interact with one another is a great benefit. It could tell you why your greens didn't wilt properly or why the pancakes burned or why your chicken-fried-steak chews like a dog toy.
I would encourage anyone seeking to become a better cook to work this observation process into your food preparation ethos, you will undoubtedly hone your craft and produce higher quality food.